ammonium nitrate fuel oil

ANFO, Aug 07, 2020· Ammonium Nitrate/Fuel Oil (ANFO) mixtures provide a stable and powerful explosive that you can easily make in your garage: The most widely used dry blasting agent is a mixture of ammonium nitrate prills (porous grains) and fuel oil The fuel oil is not precisely CH2, but this is sufficiently accurate to characterize the reactionUS9315429B2, The present invention relates to ammonium nitrate fuel oil mixtures, and includes compositions comprising (a) ammonium nitrate, (b) a fuel component, (c) a functionalized polymer component, and (d) an oil-soluble anionic surfactant, wherein the mixture of components (b), (c) and (d) form a gel that will not readily flow The compositions of the present invention provide improve fuel retention ,US3781180A, Ammonium nitrate - fuel oil compositions comprising ammonium nitrate prills and fuel oil wherein between 15 and 90 percent w/w of said prills have an oil porosity of more than 5 g of oil per 100 g of ammonium nitrate and between 10 and 85 percent w/w of said prills have an oil porosity of less than 2 g of oil per 100 g of ammonium nitrateThe mechanism of the spontaneous detonation of ammonium ,, Feb 01, 2018· The mechanism of the decomposition of ammonium nitrate fuel oil (ANFO) and of ammonium nitrate (AN) emulsions has been investigated The formation of NO gas bubbles at the end of an induction period was observed, which led to the evolution of brown NO 2 gas on contact with air Inhibition of the decomposition reaction could be achieved by reducing the NO concentration in the ,Explosives, Oct 04, 2010· Ammonium nitrate- fuel oil has largely replaced dynamites and gelatins in bench blasting Denser slurry blasting agents are supplanting dynamite and gelatin and dry blasting agents The most widely used dry blasting agent is a mixture of ammonium nitrate prills (porous grains) and fuel oil.

Get Price

Ammonium nitrate fuel oil, Ammonium nitrate fuel oil Please provide your name, email, and your suggestion so that we can begin assessing any terminology chang Fields denoted with an asterisk (*) are requiredExplosives, When ammonium nitrate is mixed with fuel oil an extreme exothermic reaction takes place This mixture (ANFO) has become popular in bomb making Oklahoma City Bombing In 1993 a fiery stand off between the FBI and the Branch Davidian Cult in Waco, Texas resulted in the death of 75 followers of the cult, including many childrenAmmonium nitrate, Ammonium nitrate-fuel oil (ANFO) is a general term for a class of high explosives that are prepared at or near the point of use, by mixing ammonium nitrate granules called "prills" with a hydrocarbon such as diesel oil It has legitimate industrial applications, especially in earthmoving and quarrying, because, in a semisolid slurry form, it can be pumped into a hole drilled into rock or earthFACTORS AFFECTING ANFO FUMES PRODUCTION, Figure 8 shows that adding water to an ANFO mixture of 94 pct ammonium nitrate and 6 pct fuel oil had little effect on carbon monoxide production for water percentages from 0 to 10 pct However the nitrogen oxides and nitrogen dioxide increased dramatically when water is added to the ANFO mixtureAmmonium nitrate fuel oil, High explosive, Dec 01, 2019· Hy friends, Myself Balaram Mohanta described about high explosive ammonium nitrate fuel oil in this video Friends in this channel I am trying to upload more,.

Get Price

Detonation of ANFO without a secondary explosive booster ,, Apr 27, 2010· nitrate/dark german aluminum mixThis can be used to initiate a 92/8 ammonium nitrate/fuel oil anfo mix Re: Detonation of ANFO without a secondary explosive booster chargeVolatile Organic Compounds, Spectral Characterization and ,, Mar 16, 2020· Ammonium nitrate fuel oil is an explosive mixture found in most antipersonnel landmines (APL) buried throughout the Colombian territory During more than 50 years of internal conflict, the Colombian government has found that trained dogs are the most effective method to detect APLInfluence of homemade ammonium nitrate and fuel oil ,, Influence of homemade ammonium nitrate and fuel oil explosives charge shapes on blast wave propagation L Figuli 1, V Kavicky 1, Z Ligasová 1, P Ma ňas 2, 1Faculty of Security Engineering ,Ammonium Nitrate Fuel Oil Suppliers, all Quality Ammonium ,, Ammonium Nitrate Fuel Oil, Ammonium Nitrate Fuel Oil Suppliers Directory - Find variety Ammonium Nitrate Fuel Oil Suppliers, Manufacturers, Companies from around the World at fuel oil ,fuel saver ,d6 fuel oil, Essential OilMaterials for fertilizer bombs not regulated | Homeland ,, Jan 14, 2011· Mixtures of ammonium nitrate and fuel oil (ANFO as it is known in the explosives trade) are considered high explosives in most contexts and account for approximately 80 percent of all explosives used in North America each year, mostly in the mining and demolition industriIt is also remarkably easy to produce with the proper ingredients, namely ammonium nitrate, one of the most ,.

Get Price

The dependence of Ammonium, @article{osti_1334147, title = {The dependence of Ammonium-Nitrate Fuel-Oil (ANFO) detonation on confinement}, author = {Jackson, Scott I}, abstractNote = {As detonation is a coupled fluid-chemical process, flow divergence inside the detonation reaction zone can strongly influence detonation velocity and energy release Such divergence is responsible for the diameter-effect and failure ,Ammonium Nitrate Fuel Oil, Switching to Cleanaway's fuel oils for your ANFO formula isn't just good for the environment, it's great for your businessANFO (ammonium nitrate fuel oil)|| Explosives used in o/c ,, Dec 28, 2019· Ammonium nitrate fuel oil, High explosive - Duration: 7:15 Surface Mining Technology 2,404 views 7:15 How to make/ekstract amonium nitrate from fertilizer! - Duration: 8:28What is ammonium nitrate, the chemical that exploded in ,, Aug 05, 2020· Ammonium nitrate prills provide a much more concentrated supply of oxygen than the air around us This is why it is effective in mining explosives, where it's mixed with oil and other fuelsAmmonium Nitrate (Bomb Fertilizer?) | ScienceBlogs, Sep 23, 2008· Ammonium nitrate/fuel oil, or ANFO, was used by American terrorist Timothy McVeigh on his attack on the Oklahoma City Federal Building The ,.

Get Price

ANFO, Emulsion and Heavy ANFO blends, ANFO Ammonium Nitrate / Fuel Oil Ammonium Nitrate Production Reaction of anhydrous ammonia gas and concentrated nitric ac After the reaction the AN solution is about 83% concentration Excess water is evaporated off to leave an AN concentration of 95 to 999%INERT Ammonium Nitrate Fuel Oil, INERT Ammonium Nitrate Fuel Oil This Inert Ammonium Nitrate Fuel Oil (ANFO) adds a greater sense of reality whether used in bulk or conjunction with any of our training IED's Pricing is for 8 ounces with additional quantities available CONTAINS NO ENERGETIC MATERIAL AND IS COMPLETELY INERT FOR LAW ENFORCEMENT AND MILITARY TRAINING USE ONLYHow Do Fertilizer Bombs Work? | Live Science, "The ammonium nitrate is like the engine behind the explosion, but the engine needs fuel," Goodpaster told Life's Little Mysteri In fact, bombs need two components beside the fertilizer: a ,Tools of Terror: Details of Brussels Bombs Revealed, Mar 23, 2016· It is used as a key component of ANFO (ammonium nitrate/fuel oil), a popular industrial explosive TATP can be used as a booster charge to ensure a powerful detonation of ,Ammonium Nitrate, Ammonium nitrate is a chemical compound with the formula NH4NO3 It is composed of nitric acid and salt of ammonia In room temperature, ammonium nitrate appears in a white crystalline form and it is also colorless Its melting point is at 1696 degrees Celsius or 3373 degrees Fahrenheit.

Get Price

Ammonium Nitrate Fuel Oil, Ammonium nitrate fuel oil (ANFO) is a blasting agent that consists of porous prilled ammonium nitrate and fuel oil When combined with oxygen, it is one of the safest and most affordable blasting chemicals available in the coal mining, quarrying, metal mining and civil construction industriNA 0331: Ammonium nitrate, Substance information for NA 0331 - Ammonium nitrate-fuel oil mixture containing only prilled ammonium nitrate and fuel oil based on the Hazardous Materials Table (Title 49 CFR 172101) to assist in preparing a risk assessment for loading, transporting and storing hazardous materialsToxic Fumes From Explosives: Ammonium Nitrate, TOXIC FUMES FROM EXPLOSIVES: AMMONIUM NITRATEFUEL OIL MI XTURES by R F Chaiken, 1 E B Cook, 2 and T C Ruhe 3 ABSTRACT The Bureau of Mines has carried out experimental and theoretical studies with prilled and pulverized ammonium nitrate-fueloil (AN-FO) mixtures contain­ ing varying amounts of fuel oil in an attempt to quantify the ,and Other Nitrogen, Apr 20, 2017· ANFO (ammonium nitrate fuel oil), for example? Keeping fuel and oxidizer separate can be viewed as a feature, rather than a bug Reply Guest Reply to Joe Beach 1 year ago In this case, the resulting mixture is safe and non-explosive due to two reasons: A water must evaporate before reaching the hight T necessary for ignition, B The initial ,physical chemistry, To use as an explosive or a blasting reagent, $\ce{NH4NO3}$ is mixed with fuel oil, which is called ammonium nitrate fuel-oil (ANFO; Ref1) According to Ref2, during the explosion, following exothermic reaction would take place (hydrocarbon is represented by $\ce{CH2}$ ):.

Get Price